DB 12c – 시작 및 서비스접속, CDB/PDB 시작 및 종료


배경 : 현재 12c 설치되어 있고 PDB 2개 설치 되어 있는 상태 입니다.

 
 

# 시작 및 서비스 접속방법

  1. CDB & PDB 시작

    [root@test ~]# su – oracle

    [test@cdb1 : /home/oracle]$ sqlplus

     
     

    SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Fri Aug 7 11:11:51 2015

     
     

    Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

     
     

    Enter user-name: /as sysdba

    Connected to an idle instance.

     
     

    SQL> startup (CDB시작)

    ORACLE instance started.

     
     

    Total System Global Area 835104768 bytes

    Fixed Size 2293880 bytes

    Variable Size 595595144 bytes

    Database Buffers 234881024 bytes

    Redo Buffers 2334720 bytes

    Database mounted.

    Database opened.

    SQL> !lsnrctl start

     
     

    LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 12.1.0.1.0 – Production on 07-AUG-2015 11:17:31

     
     

    Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

     
     

    Starting /oracle/product/12.1.0/db_1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait…

     
     

    TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 12.1.0.1.0 – Production

    System parameter file is /oracle/product/12.1.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora

    Log messages written to /oracle/diag/tnslsnr/test/listener/alert/log.xml

    Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=test)(PORT=1521)))

    Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))

     
     

    Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=test)(PORT=1521)))

    STATUS of the LISTENER

    ————————

    Alias LISTENER

    Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 12.1.0.1.0 – Production

    Start Date 07-AUG-2015 11:17:31

    Uptime 0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec

    Trace Level off

    Security ON: Local OS Authentication

    SNMP OFF

    Listener Parameter File /oracle/product/12.1.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora

    Listener Log File /oracle/diag/tnslsnr/test/listener/alert/log.xml

    Listening Endpoints Summary…

    (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=test)(PORT=1521)))

    (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=EXTPROC1521)))

    The listener supports no services

    The command completed successfully

     
     

    SQL> alter pluggable database all open; (PDB 전체 OPEN)

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> show pdbs (PDB 확인)

     
     

    CON_ID CON_NAME OPEN MODE RESTRICTED

    ———- —————————— ———- ———-

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY NO

    3 PDB11 READ WRITE NO

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE NO

     
     

  2. CDB 접속 방법
  • OS 인증 방법

    [test@cdb1 : /home/oracle]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

     
     

    SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Fri Aug 7 11:33:06 2015

     
     

    Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

     
     

     
     

    Connected to:

    Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 – 64bit Production

    With the Partitioning, OLAP and Real Application Testing options

     
     

    SQL>

     
     

  • Easy Connect 방법

    [test@cdb1 : /home/oracle]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@test:1521/cdb1 as sysdba

     
     

    SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Fri Aug 7 11:34:30 2015

     
     

    Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

     
     

     
     

    Connected to:

    Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 – 64bit Production

    With the Partitioning, OLAP and Real Application Testing options

     
     

    SQL>

     
     

  • Net Service Name 방법(tnsnames.ora 설정)

    [test@cdb1 : /home/oracle]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@cdb1 as sysdba

     
     

    SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Fri Aug 7 11:46:58 2015

     
     

    Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

     
     

     
     

    Connected to:

    Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 – 64bit Production

    With the Partitioning, OLAP and Real Application Testing options

     
     

    SQL>

     
     

     
     

  1. PDB 접속 방법
  • Easy Connect 방법

    [test@cdb1 : /home/oracle]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@test:1521/pdb11 as sysdba

     
     

    SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Fri Aug 7 11:44:26 2015

     
     

    Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

     
     

     
     

    Connected to:

    Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 – 64bit Production

    With the Partitioning, OLAP and Real Application Testing options

     
     

    SQL>

     
     

  • Net Service Name 방법(tnsnames.ora 설정)

    [test@cdb1 : /oracle/product/12.1.0/db_1/network/admin]$ cat tnsnames.ora

    # tnsnames.ora Network Configuration File: /oracle/product/12.1.0/db_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora

    # Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

     
     

    LISTENER_CDB1 =

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = test)(PORT = 1521))

     
     

     
     

    CDB1 =

    (DESCRIPTION =

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = test)(PORT = 1521))

    (CONNECT_DATA =

    (SERVER = DEDICATED)

    (SERVICE_NAME = cdb1)

    )

    )

     
     

    PDB11 =

    (DESCRIPTION =

    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = test)(PORT = 1521))

    (CONNECT_DATA =

    (SERVER = DEDICATED)

    (SERVICE_NAME = pdb11)

    )

    )

     
     

    [test@cdb1 : /home/oracle]$ sqlplus sys/oracle@pdb11 as sysdba

     
     

    SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Fri Aug 7 11:46:16 2015

     
     

    Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

     
     

     
     

    Connected to:

    Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 – 64bit Production

    With the Partitioning, OLAP and Real Application Testing options

     
     

    SQL>

# 관련 View 및 Database 파일 살펴보기

  1. v$ view 살펴보기

    SQL> select instance_name,status,con_id from v$instance;

     
     

    INSTANCE_NAME STATUS CON_ID

    ——————————– ———————— ———-

    cdb1 OPEN 0

     
     

  • CON_ID 컬럼은 위와 같은 규칙으로 번호가 부여된다.

     
     

    SQL> select cdb from v$database;

     
     

    CDB

    ——

    YES

     
     

    SQL> column name format a8;

    SQL> select name,con_id,dbid,con_uid,guid from v$containers order by con_id;

     
     

    NAME CON_ID DBID CON_UID GUID

    ——– ———- ———- ———- ——————————–

    CDB$ROOT 1 822464397 1 FA6D34E1B2670B5BE0430100007F1063

    PDB$SEED 2 4091349325 4091349325 FA6D34E1B2660B5BE0430100007F1063

    PDB11 3 3833008008 3833008008 FA811565F8BA0989E0430100007FF65C

    PDB12 4 4037515505 4037515505 FA811565F8BB0989E0430100007FF65C

     
     

  • CDB일 때

    SQL> select name,con_id from v$active_services order by 1;

     
     

    NAME CON_ID

    ——– ———-

    SYS$BACK 1

    GROUND

     
     

    SYS$USER 1

    S

     
     

    cdb1 1

    cdb1XDB 1

    pdb11 3

    pdb12 4

     
     

    6 rows selected.

     
     

  • PDB일 때

    SQL> select name,con_id from v$active_services order by 1;

     
     

    NAME CON_ID

    ——– ———-

    pdb11 3

     
     

     
     

     
     

  • CDB에는 모든 DBA_ view에 상응하는 CDB_ view가 존재합니다
  • 현재 CDB에 접속해 있다면 CDB_ view를 통하여 root와 PDBs 의 metadata를 볼 수 있습니다.
  • PDB에 접속해 있다면 PDB의 정보만 볼 수 있습니다

     
     

  1. DATABASE FILE 살펴보기

    SQL> COL MEMBER FORMAT A40

    SQL> SELECT GROUP#, CON_ID, MEMBER FROM V$LOGFILE;

     
     

    GROUP# CON_ID MEMBER

    ———- —— —————————————-

    1 0 /oradata/cdb1/redo01.log

    2 0 /oradata/cdb1/redo02.log

    3 0 /oradata/cdb1/redo03.log

     
     

    SQL> COL NAME FORMAT A60;

    SQL> SELECT NAME FROM V$CONTROLFILE;

     
     

    NAME

    ————————————————————

    /oradata/cdb1/control01.ctl

    /oradata/cdb1/control02.ctl

     
     

    SQL> set line 140 pages 1000

    SQL> col TABLESPACE_NAME for a10

    SQL> COL FILE_NAME FORMAT A60

    SQL> SELECT FILE_NAME, TABLESPACE_NAME, FILE_ID FROM CDB_TEMP_FILES;

     
     

    FILE_NAME TABLESPACE FILE_ID

    ———————————————————— ———- ———-

    /oradata/cdb1/temp01.dbf TEMP 1

    /oradata/cdb1/PDB11/temp01.dbf TEMP 3

    /oradata/cdb1/PDB12/temp01.dbf TEMP 4

    /oradata/cdb1/pdbseed/temp01.dbf TEMP 2

     
     

  • Redo log, Controlfile은 CDB, PDB 모두 같이 사용하게 된다.
  • CDB Temp Tablespace의 경우 모든 PDB가 다 같이 사용하지만, 각 PDB 만을 위한 local temporary tablespace를

    만들어 사용할 수 있다

     
     

    SQL> COL FILE_NAME FORMAT A50

    SQL> COL TABLESPACE_NAME FORMAT A8

    SQL> COL FILE_ID FORMAT 9999

    SQL> COL FILE_NAME FORMAT A50

    SQL> COL TABLESPACE_NAME FORMAT A8

    SQL> COL CON_ID FORMAT 999

    SQL> SELECT FILE_NAME, TABLESPACE_NAME, FILE_ID, CON_ID FROM CDB_DATA_FILES ORDER BY CON_ID;

     
     

    FILE_NAME TABLESPA FILE_ID CON_ID

    ————————————————– ——– ——- ——

    /oradata/cdb1/system01.dbf SYSTEM 1 1

    /oradata/cdb1/sysaux01.dbf SYSAUX 3 1

    /oradata/cdb1/undotbs01.dbf UNDOTBS1 5 1

    /oradata/cdb1/users01.dbf USERS 6 1

    /oradata/cdb1/pdbseed/sysaux01.dbf SYSAUX 4 2

    /oradata/cdb1/pdbseed/system01.dbf SYSTEM 2 2

    /oradata/cdb1/PDB11/system01.dbf SYSTEM 7 3

    /oradata/cdb1/PDB11/sysaux01.dbf SYSAUX 8 3

    /oradata/cdb1/PDB12/system01.dbf SYSTEM 9 4

    /oradata/cdb1/PDB12/sysaux01.dbf SYSAUX 10 4

     
     

    10 rows selected.

 
 

# CDB, PDB 시작, 중지

  1. CDB SHUTDOWN & STARTUP
  • CDB는 NON-CDB와 같이 shutdown 명령어로 내릴 수 있다.
  • CDB를 shutdown하게 되면 PDB들은 자동으로 닫히게 된다.
  • CDB가 시작되어도 PDB는 자동으로 시작되지 않는다.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT NAME, CDB, CON_ID FROM V$DATABASE;

     
     

    NAME CDB CON_ID

    —————— —— ———-

    CDB1 YES 0

     
     

    SQL> SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE;

    Database closed.

    Database dismounted.

    ORACLE instance shut down.

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

    SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS

    *

    ERROR at line 1:

    ORA-01034: ORACLE not available

    Process ID: 0

    Session ID: 0 Serial number: 0

     
     

     
     

    SQL> STARTUP NOMOUNT;

    ORACLE instance started.

     
     

    Total System Global Area 835104768 bytes

    Fixed Size 2293880 bytes

    Variable Size 595595144 bytes

    Database Buffers 234881024 bytes

    Redo Buffers 2334720 bytes

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    no rows selected

     
     

    SQL> ALTER DATABASE MOUNT;

     
     

    Database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED MOUNTED

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

    4 PDB12 MOUNTED

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE PDB11 OPEN;

    ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE PDB11 OPEN

    *

    ERROR at line 1:

    ORA-01109: database not open

     
     

     
     

    SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN;

     
     

    Database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

    4 PDB12 MOUNTED

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE ALL OPEN;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 READ WRITE

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE

     
     

  1. PDB OPEN and CLOSE
  • ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE 구문
    또는 SQL*PLUS STARTUP 명령어로 PDB
    컨트롤


    있음
  • CDB에서
    실시

    SQL> SELECT NAME, CDB, CON_ID FROM V$DATABASE;

     
     

    NAME CDB CON_ID

    ——————————————— —— ———-

    CDB1 YES 0

     
     

    SQL> STARTUP FORCE;

    ORACLE instance started.

     
     

    Total System Global Area 835104768 bytes

    Fixed Size 2293880 bytes

    Variable Size 595595144 bytes

    Database Buffers 234881024 bytes

    Redo Buffers 2334720 bytes

    Database mounted.

    Database opened.

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

    4 PDB12 MOUNTED

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE ALL OPEN;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 READ WRITE

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE PDB11 CLOSE;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE

     
     

    SQL> CONNECT SYS/oracle@PDB11

    ERROR:

    ORA-01033: ORACLE initialization or shutdown in progress

    Process ID: 0

    Session ID: 0 Serial number: 0

     
     

     
     

    SQL> CONNECT SYS/oracle@CDB1 AS SYSDBA;

    Connected.

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE PDB11 OPEN;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 READ WRITE

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE ALL EXCEPT PDB12 CLOSE;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE ALL CLOSE;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

    4 PDB12 MOUNTED

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE ALL EXCEPT PDB11 OPEN;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE

     
     

    SQL> STARTUP PLUGGABLE DATABASE PDB11 OPEN READ ONLY;

    Pluggable Database opened.

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 READ ONLY

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE

     
     

    SQL> STARTUP PLUGGABLE DATABASE PDB11 FORCE;

    Pluggable Database opened.

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 READ WRITE

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE PDB11 CLOSE;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

    4 PDB12 READ WRITE

     
     

  • PDB에서
    실시

    SQL> CONNECT SYS/oracle@PDB11 AS SYSDBA;

    Connected.

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

     
     

    SQL> STARTUP;

    Pluggable Database opened.

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    3 PDB11 READ WRITE

     
     

    SQL> SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE;

    Pluggable Database closed.

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

     
     

    SQL> STARTUP OPEN READ ONLY;

    Pluggable Database opened.

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    3 PDB11 READ ONLY

     
     

    SQL> STARTUP FORCE;

    Pluggable Database opened.

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    3 PDB11 READ WRITE

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE CLOSE IMMEDIATE;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    3 PDB11 MOUNTED

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE OPEN READ ONLY;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    3 PDB11 READ ONLY

     
     

    SQL> ALTER PLUGGABLE DATABASE OPEN FORCE;

     
     

    Pluggable database altered.

     
     

    SQL> SELECT CON_ID, NAME, OPEN_MODE FROM V$PDBS;

     
     

    CON_ID NAME OPEN_MODE

    ———- ——————————————— ——————–

    3 PDB11 READ WRITE

 
 


Comments

comments

haisins

오라클 DBA 박용석 입니다. haisins@gmail.com 으로 문의 주세요.

DB 12c – 시작 및 서비스접속, CDB/PDB 시작 및 종료”의 91개의 댓글

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